As with ionic compounds, the system for naming covalent compounds enables chemists to write the molecular formula from the name and vice versa. The name is built from the elements and the construction of the molecule. May 11, 2019 ionic compound nomenclature or naming is based on the names of the component ions. Naming compounds there are 2 main types of binary compound.
Naming ionic compound with polyvalent ion video khan academy. Quia chapter 7 ionic compound naming practice quiz. On this page you can read or download naming ionic compounds worksheet answers pogil in pdf format. When you are constructing names for ionic compounds, you do not use multipliers to indicate how many cations or anions are present in the compound. Therefore we need to learn how to say the proper names of ionic substances. Ionic or covalent chemical formula 1 copper ii chlorite. Naming ions and ionic compounds video khan academy. When naming ionic compounds we simply name the cation the positive ion then the anion the negative ion. Naming ionic compounds that contain polyvalent ions, using example of cobalt iii sulfide. Nacl, mg 3po 4 2 in forming a chemical compound, some atoms can gain or lose 1 or more electrons forming an ion. Ionic compounds are compounds composed of ions, charged particles that form when an atom. Usually, the positively charged portion consists of metal cations and the negatively charged portion is an anion or polyatomic ion. Remember, they may be either ionic or covalent compounds, so make sure you use the right naming method. Here are the principal naming conventions for ionic compounds, along with examples to show how.
Generally, students can gather in groups and are dealt a number of cards see rules for the exact numbers. Practice on naming and forming polyatomic compounds name ionic compounds that have. Making and naming ionic compounds answer sheet attach prelab to front of this sheet part i. Binary compounds containing a metal and a nonmetal ionic compounds 1. Learn naming ionic compounds with free interactive flashcards.
Binary compounds made of two nonmetals are called covalent or molecular because the. If youre seeing this message, it means were having trouble loading external resources on our website. Naming ionic compounds with transition metals worksheet. If you dont see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom v. Naming ionic compounds worksheet 1 everett community college. Each of these three has its own rules that cannot be mixed and matched.
The first box is the intersection between the zinc cation and the chloride anion, so you should. Ionic compounds consist of cations positive ions and anions negative ions. Solutions for the naming ionic compounds practice worksheet 1 ammonium chloride 2 iron iii nitrate 3 titanium iii bromide 4 copper i phosphide. Dont use mono for first name, but always for second name. Naming mixed ionic and covalent answers name the following compounds. Ionic covalent compound naming solutions 1 na 2 co 3 sodium carbonate 2 p 2 o 5 diphosphorus pentoxide 3 nh 3 ammonia 4 feso 4 iron ii sulfate 5 sio 2 silicon dioxide 6 gacl 3 gallium chloride 7 cobr 2 cobalt ii bromide 8 b 2 h 4 diboron tetrahydride 9 co carbon monoxide 10 p 4. The process of naming ionic compounds with polyatomic ions is the same as naming binary ionic compounds. Naming ionic compounds that contain polyatomic ions is done in exactly the same way as with other binary ionic compounds. For each of the following questions, determine whether the compound is ionic or covalent and write the appropriate formula for it. Naming compounds handout ionic compounds versus molecular compounds ionic compound. Recall that covalent compounds are those that involve more than one atom bonded together by the sharing of electrons. Practice naming ionic compounds when given the formula.
In this section of the lab you will practice developing chemical formulas for and naming ionic compounds. Name molar mass 1 na 2 co 3 sodium carbonate 129 gramsmole 2 naoh sodium hydroxide 40 gramsmole 3 mgbr 2 magnesium bromide 184. The explanation of the rules for naming can also be done throughout the activity. The name is written with the cation listed first followed by the name of the anion. Ionic compounds are neutral compounds made up of positively charged ions called cations and negatively charged ions called anions. If first atom is a single atom then prefix mono is omitted.
Prefixes are used to specify the number of each atom present. Naming compounds provided by the academic center for excellence 1 updated october 20 naming compounds naming compounds is an important part of chemistry. Choose from 500 different sets of naming ionic compounds flashcards on quizlet. Naming ionic compounds practice worksheet solutions. Not applicable in this example since there are no polyatomic ions in calcium bromide. Well learn how to write names for compounds that are made of two nonmetals, sometimes called binary compounds. Write chemical formulas for the compounds in each box. Youll know for certain that you are dealing with a molecular compound if only nonmetals are present to name a covalent compound, you need the molecular formula, knowledge of the prefixes used for naming, and a way to look up the name of an element. This and the following section describe the rules for naming simple covalent compounds, beginning with inorganic compounds and then turning to simple organic compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Ionic compound nomenclature or naming is based on the names of the component ions. Since we use different methods in naming binary covalent molecular compounds and ionic compounds, the first step in naming or writing the formula of a. So polyatomic ions are groups of many two or more atoms that have a charge. Ionic compounds generally contain a metal bonded to a nonmetal or nonmetals.
Naming ionic compounds answer key give the name and molar mass of the following ionic compounds. Name of cation is given first same as name of element 2. In all cases, ionic compound naming gives the positively charged cation first, followed by the negatively charged anion. We must have the same number of positive charges as negative charges, so that the total charge equals zero. Binary covalent compounds will contain only two types of nonmetal elements. Ions are particles with a positive or negative charge. Oct 01, 2016 to name a covalent compound, you need the molecular formula, knowledge of the prefixes used for naming, and a way to look up the name of an element given its atomic symbol. For binary ionic compounds ionic compounds that contain only two types of elements, the compounds are named by writing the name of the cation first followed by the name of the anion. Predicting and naming polyatomic ionic compounds worksheet name name of compound element or polyatomic cation element or polyatomic anion compound formula aluminum carbonate aluminum acetate aluminum hydroxide given the following polyatomic ionic compounds, fill in the name of the compound from its formula. Naming organic compounds worksheet with answers pdf. Here are the principal naming conventions for ionic compounds, along with examples to show how they are used.
Type ii binary ionic compounds contain transition metals. In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound in which ions are held together by ionic bonds. Rules for naming compounds 2010 creighton university. For each of the following questions, determine whether the compound is ionic. Naming ionic compounds worksheet 2 w 308 everett community college tutoring center student support services program name the following ionic compounds. Most compounds fall in to one of three categories ionic compounds, molecular compounds, or acids. The systematic names also known as the stock system for these ions are derived by naming the metal first, followed in parentheses by the charge written in.
Writing formulas for ionic compounds the ions charges must be multiplied to make neutral compounds. An ionic compound is a combination of oppositely charged ions. Go through the check list and mark each row as b, d, or a based on your level of understanding. Find the formula for ionic compounds our mission is to provide a free, worldclass education to anyone, anywhere. Composed of a metal left side and a nonmetal right side. Naming ionic compounds practice worksheet solutions name the following ionic compounds. When elements combine to form compounds, a chemical bond. Rules of nomenclature for binary compounds there are three types of binary compounds. Metal and nonmetal 2 nonmetals 3 or more elements polyatomic compound covalent compound ionic compound use greek prefixes put prefixes in front of element names to tell how many atoms are there. With this information in hand, you can follow the naming scheme for covalent compounds.
Lesson summary binary ionic compounds binary ionic compounds are composed of two elements, one with a positive charge and one with a negative charge. Then, use the correct formula writing rules to write the correct chemical formulas for each compound. Naming ionic compounds the name of an ionic compound is simply the combination of the names of the ions. Naming ionic compounds identifying ionic compounds. Basic naming convention first well cover how to name molecules with two elements binary compounds. Since we use different methods in naming binary covalent. The name of the cation comes first using roman numerals when necessary followed by the name of the anion.
Naming ionic compounds worksheet one give the name of the following ionic compounds. Naming ionic compounds is an important skill in chemistry. How compounds are named chemists have a specific way of naming compounds. Steps to naming ionic and covalent compounds owlcation. For type i and type ii compounds, first list the metal then the nonmetal.
Avoid buying a car with costly hidden problems by getting a carfax report. This practice and drill worksheet for naming ionic compounds starts with simple ionic compound nomenclature and progresses to more difficult nomenclature. Chapter 7 ionic compound naming practice quiz with oxidation numbers and correct subscript latex codes. Since we use different methods in naming binary covalent molecular compounds and ionic compounds, the first step in naming or writing the formula of a compound is to determine which of the 2 compound classes it belongs. One example is the ammonium sulfate compound in figure \\pageindex6\. Naming ionic compounds worksheet answer key beautiful naming. Nano3 sodium nitrate na2so4 sodium sulfate cacl2 calcium chloride k3po4 potassium phosphate. Binary compounds between two nonmetals molecular compounds 1. This is a collection of ten chemistry test questions dealing with naming ionic compounds and predicting the chemical formula from the compound name. The names are found by finding the intersection between the cations and anions. Causey shows you step by step how to use the periodic table, a list of polyatomic ions and numeric.1335 1587 131 836 705 1564 622 1138 831 1377 20 1296 1384 781 961 1491 1099 748 641 1015 1231 1180 1400 638 727 925 622 847 725 174 191 678 667 71 947 1402 1190